Agriculture is explained as the best of all professions. The people of Vedic period were attached with the great importance of agriculture and we can understand this very well by the references from Vedas. In ancient Indian texts, agriculture has been called a blessed and holy act. The person involved in agricultural activities; despite being involved in the blame for the violence get rid of those guilts because of serving everyone. In the Vedic period, agriculture was the main method of living. By farming, people were happy and benefited. The food earned by agriculture has been compared to Brahman in the Upaniṣads and has been instructed to show due respect to it- अन्नं न निन्द्यात्। (तै. उ. 3.7) Like the Upaniṣads, astrological texts on agriculture also refer the food (anna) as the source of life and energy. The main purpose of this research paper is to expose and bring out the methods and decisions of the agricultural system of ancient India. Although the current system of agricultural work is much more efficient and richer than the ancient system, but the ancient system which has provided some important doctrines, especially in the matter of disruption and timing of sowing are very favourable now-a-days.