The two great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata not only inspired a huge masses of literature in the regional languages but the characters depicted in them moulds the national ideals. The poetry and drama composed by Kalaidasa and Sudraka still remains as a great achievement in the realms of India. The Literary activities in a proper oral languages specialized in a few selected sectors like religion and lyric or epic poetry, and for the greater part, literary criticism, logic and metaphysics, medicine, art, law, astronomy, mathematics, etc were dealt with Sanskrit.
The period in which we are all living is experiencing new movements in the social religious and philosophical fields. With Indians taking after the life style of western in an increasing manner, with overseas and travel becoming common, with the criticism which the west was leveling and Indian social reformers were repeating against Hindu customs and institutions like early marriage, widowhood, caste, untouchability etc., the orthodox Hindu found himself as a champion of the traditional ways.