Education psychology in the Ancient Indian Gurukula System
Pijus Kanti Pal
Every education has a different world view which is based on its own psychological framework. If we look into the Ancient Indian Gurukula System (AIGS) we will be able to observe some effective mechanisms for integral human development. In the modern educational system, the materialistic knowledge dominates that fundamental development because in an age of globalization, digitization and liberal thinking, there is often a growing pressure on students to build their own subjectivity. That starts changing the foundational value structures of the educational set-up which is not expected. National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 emphasised integral human development after thirty-four years of the previous policy. This policy took the guiding light from the AIGS. It recommended a set of values which will be inculcated in all students.
One of the characteristics of AIGS was the focus of the Guru in ensuring an all-round development of his pupils. This paper will discuss the science of living which was one of the main objectives of AIGS and that were identified in the course of my research on the concept of the brahmacāridharma.