Our nation is abounded with many traditional languages, in which Sanskrit is the crown among these languages. An affluent language has its own style, ideas and expression of verse. That ideas or idioms are the tendon of that language. These idioms have a special potential to express the ideas. Gradually, these idioms became the nyāya-s and proverbs. Lokanyāya means the method of using examples from well known, suitable, appropriate proverbs and sayings from the society for illustrating, supporting or opposing any idea
Grammar is the science of language. Without the help of grammar, the analysis of language is not possible. Grammar can be learnt easily with the help of many simple examples, nyāya-s or maxims taken from the society. These simple nyāya-s help to know the difficult grammatical sūtra-s, their prayoga and usefulness. In order to simplify the doctrines revealed in the traditional grammar texts, several grammarians have introduced certain Lokanyāya-s for the sake of the students. These nyāya-s fulfill the need of the students and support the religious laws for maintaining the rules and regulations in the Dharmic texts. Here is an attempt to point out some of the Nyāya-s used in Pathanjali’s Mahabhasya and illustrate their nature, function and application of grammatical rule.