Jānakirāmabhāṣya of Anundaram Barooah- An Analysis from the viewpoint of Sanskrit Textual Criticism.
Dr. Manashi Sharma
Jānakīrāmabhāṣya, a Sanskrit Commentary on Mahāvīracaritam of Bhavabhūti, composed by Anundaram Barooah from Assam, occupies an important place in the field of Sanskrit textual criticism. Written in traditional style with new approach it exhibits certain uncommon features for which it stands out as an exceptional one from ancient commentaries written on Sanskrit works. The exposition of the text done in a method of text criticism applied in modern literature. Varied readings of the drama alongwith his views on them are also mentioned in the commentary. Barooah cites illustrations in the footnotes from other Sanskrit works having similarity in the use of words or expression with those of the Mahāvīracaritam. It is fortified by proper illustration and enriched with analytical exposition for which it may be called research work of high standard. It was the first of its kind till his time. The methodology of modern research was yet in its formative stage when Barooah wrote his commentary. The modern method of textual criticism applied by Barooah was still a new thing. He added a Sanskrit-English Glossary at the end of the commentary which is an innovation introduced in the traditional style of writing Sanskrit commentary. Thus, the uniqueness of the commentary offers a lot of scope for study.