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International Journal of Sanskrit Research

2019, Vol. 5, Issue 4, Part F

The concept of Puruṣa as treated in the Sāṁkhya philosophy

Dr. Jumli Nath

Sāṁkhya is one of the oldest systems of Indian philosophy, advocates the clear-cut dualism of Praká¹›ti and Puruá¹£a. Sāṁkhya recognizes twenty five principles, among which two are regarded as the ultimate realities viz., mahat, ahaṁkāra, pañcajnānendriya, pañcakarmendriya, manas, pañcatanmātra and pañcamahābhuta are the evolutes of Praká¹›ti. Accordig to Sāṁkhya system, the second ultimate reality Puruá¹£a is as an absolute and independent entity. Puruá¹£a is quite opposite of Praká¹›ti in nature. It is pure, conscious and beyond change and silent scpactator. It has neither beginning nor end. By nature, Puruá¹£a is inactive, a mere witness, a solitary, indifferent and a passive spectator which is beyond the perceptual experience. Ῑśvarakṛṣṇa, in his Sāṁkhyakārikā states about the plurality of Self (Puruá¹£a).
Pages : 334-338 | 1769 Views | 1074 Downloads


International Journal of Sanskrit Research
How to cite this article:
Dr. Jumli Nath. The concept of Puruṣa as treated in the Sāṁkhya philosophy. Int J Sanskrit Res 2019;5(4):334-338.

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