Folk strands in Sanskrit dramas - A study based on bhana
Dr. Sajeesh CS
Sanskrit plays are usually termed as Rupaka. There are ten different Rupaka that enriches the plays with its own peculiarities. They have scientific lakshana as per Bharata’s Natyasastra and other interpretations those came after it. Uparupakas are also mentioned by Bharata in his text Natyasastra. Uparupakas were well defined and interpreted later by other eminent scholars who followed Bharata.
Uparupakas are small performances within Rupaka performed according to the lakshana of Natya, Nritta and Nritya. Uparupakas keeps on changing and later turned into Rupakas. It means course of time Uparupakas merged in Rupaka and they became less important in its own and this resulted in the wide acceptance of Rupaka among performers and audiences. It is lead to Uparupaka became extinct. In this paper discussed that the influence of the folk element in Bhana and its origin and development stage.