This article is based on the idea of ancient Indian environment. We know that India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. His education, literature, culture, heritage is astonishing to the world. At present, the Earth is endangered by the pollution of the environment. Now people have been aware of this. But in ancient times, efforts have been made to protect the environment in Indian literature, society and culture. The impact of ancient Indian environmental thought is not less in present-day environmental thoughts. The introduction of this article to highlight the greatness of ancient Indian literature, culture and society and to make the present society aware about the environment by the idea of ancient Indian environmental thoughts.